|According to the Vedas,
the Hindu marriage is based on the marriage
of Soma with Surya, and is narrated by Rishi
Surya in the RigVeda. This could be based
on an imagined marriage ceremony or could
be the marriage of the seer herself.
The following collection of verses regarding the Hindu marriage ceremony is compiled mainly from the RigVeda and has been translated from sanskrit :
Aghorchakshur apatighniedhi shiva pashubhyah sumanAh suvarchAh.
Virasur devakAmA syenA sham na bhava dvipade sham chatuspade.
Be (edhi) soft gazed (aghor-chakshuh), not a widow (a-pati-ghni) benefactor of animals (pashubhyah shiva), pleasant hearted (su-manAh), bright looking (su-varchAh), mother of heroes (vira-suh), devoted to God (deva-kAmA). Be peaceable with (sham bhava) our (nah) people (dvipade) and animals (chatuspade). Groom takes the bride to the altar and both sit down. AchArya recounts the marriage of Soma with Surya.
AchArya: SatyenottabhitA bhumih suryenottabhitA dyuoh.
RitenAdityAs tishthanti divi somo adhi shritah.
Earth (bhumih) is hoisted up (uttabhitA) by satya (satyena). The sky (dyouh) is hoisted up (uttabhitA) by surya (suryena). The Adityas (AdityAh) stand on Rita (ritena tishthanti). Soma (somah) is supported by sky (divi adhishritah).
| SomenAdityA valinah somena
Atho nakshatrAnAm eshAmupasthe soma Ahitah.
By Soma (somena) the Adityas (AdityAh) are powerful (valinah).
By Soma (somena) the earth (prithivi) is glorious (mahi). And
(atha) Soma stays (somah Ahitah) close to the stars (eshAm nakshatrAnAm upasthe).
|Somam manyate papivan yat
Somam yam brahmAno vidurna tasyAshnAti kaschana.
The creeper that people crush (yat oshadhim sam-pishanti), (the drinkers) imagine (manyate) (that) they are drinking soma elixir (somam papivAn). That soma (yam somam) which the brAhmins (brahmanah) know of (viduh), nobody ever eats it (na kaschan tasya ashnAti).